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Stiffness analysis of cardiac electrophysiological models


The electrophysiology in a cardiac cell can be modelled as a system of ordinary differential equations. The efficient solution of these systems is important because they must be solved many times as sub-problems of tissue- or organ-level simulations of cardiac electrophysiology. The wide variety of existing cardiac cell models encompasses many different properties, including the complexity of the model and the degree of stiffness. Accordingly, no single numerical method can be expected to be the most efficient for every model. In this paper, we study the stiffness properties of a range of cardiac cell models and discuss the implications for their numerical solution. This analysis allows us to select or design numerical methods that are highly effective for a given model and hence outperform commonly used methods.

Authors: Raymond J. Spiteri · Ryan C. Dean

Download: SpiteriDean2010.